NECO Government Questions and Answers 2021, Government objective and theory answers (Expo) for National examination council (June/July) 2021. NECO Government objective and theory answers For you to have good NECO result in Government examination as well as repeated questions for free in this post. You will also understand how NECO (Chemistry) Government questions are set and how to answer them.The National Examinations Council (NECO) is an examination body in Nigeria that conducts the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination and the General Certificate in Education in June/July and December/January respectively.
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NECO Government Questions and Answers 2021 Objectives Answers (Expo)
NECO GOVERNMENT Essay Answers 2021(Expo)
*SECTION A: ANSWER TWO QUESTIONS FROM THIS SECTION*
authority can be defined as the ability to give a command and to ensure that people yield to the commandment.It is associated with the ability to make decisions and enforce it.
(i) political authority: this is the power given to a group of people by the constitution to make decisions and enforce obedience.
(ii) traditional authority; this is the power legitimized and defined by customs and traditions. It is acquired through inheritance.
(iii) coercive authority: this is the of authority that nvolved the use of force.
(iv)delegated authority: this is the authority conferred on a subordinate to exercise certain powers on specified authority.
(v) charismatic authority: this type of authority is based on extra ordinary personal qualities of an individual.
(i) membership of international organization: such as U.N.O, AU, OPEC, ECOWAS etc which many nations belong to had placed serious limitations to the sovereignty of such nations.
(ii) influence of powerful nation: powerful countries like U.S.A, USSR, BRITAIN etc have a lot of influence on the external sovereignty of smaller and weaker nations.
(iii) external aids: many poverty stricken nations mortgage their external sovereignty for economic , military and technical assistance.
(iv) supremacy of the Constitution: no matter the institution or a body in which sovereignty is located , the power of such body or institution is limited by the Constitution of the state. No body is above the law of the land.
(v) diplomatic immunity: diplomats representing their countries in other countries of the world have diplomatic immunity. Some of their actions can undermine the sovereignty of their host states.
socialization; this refers to a process by which citizens are educated on the values, attitudes and beliefs of the political system. Political culture of a the society is transmitted from one generation to another through political socialization.
(i) the family: children from politically conscious families tend to be more politically aware and interested in politics.
(ii) the school: it is in schools people starts to learn and practice how to play political roles.
(iii) the peer groups; a person is known by groups he keeps. One’s view including political views are influenced by ones playmates and friends.
(iv) the mass media; this includes radio, television, newspaper etc. Mass media passes different education to the people including political education.
(v) religious groups: it is difficult to divorce politics from religion. The mosque and churches direct their members on the political course to follow.
*SECTION B: ANSWER THREE QUESTIONS FROM THIS SECTION*
(i) appointment: the governor had power to appoint , promote, discipline and dismiss any public servants in the colony
(ii) policy formulations: he formulated economic and social policies for the colony
(iii)assent: the governor signed all bills passed by the legislative council
(iv) meeting: he presided over the meetings of both the executive and legislative council
(v) allocation of land: allocation of land acquired by the government were approved by him
(vi) responsible : the governor was responsible to the crown through the secretary of state for the colonies.
(i) the head of state/ president: the head of state sometimes called the president , is also the commander in chief of the Nigerian Armed forces. He presided over the meetings of the Armed Forces Ruling Council (AFRC), the council of state and the council of ministers.
(ii)Supreme military council (SMC)/ Armed forces ruling council (AFRC); this body is the highest legislative body of the military government in Nigeria. It comprises of the Head of state/ president who is the chairman, the chief of defence staff, the heads of the Army, Navy and Air Force popularly called the service chiefs, the inspector general of police , justice minister, secretary to the federal military government and high ranking military officers.
(iii) the council of state: this organ advises the Head of state on important national issues. It is made up of the president as the chairman, the chief of general staff, former Heads of state and all state military governors.
(iv) national council of ministers: this the organ that implement decisions and policies made by the AFRC. It is headed by the Head of state or president and assisted by the chief of General staff with all federal ministers as members.
(v)the state military governors: a state military Governor is the chief executive and the Head of the state military government and representative of the Head of state in the State. He is responsible to the Head of state and the commander in chief of the Armed Forces. The governor performed both the executive and legislative functions. He is the chairman of the state executive council. He appoints the state commissioners and other officers.
(vi) the judiciary; it remained the same as in the civilian era with Chief Justice as the head. Inclusive are various tribunals which had judges and military officers as members.
political party; this can be defined as an organized group of people who share similar political ideology, opinions, principles, interest and beliefs with the aims of gaining political power and governing the country.
(i) education: political parties educates the people on their political rights
(ii) training ground: political parties creates a training ground for young politicians
(iii) serves as a link: it serves as a link between the government and the society
(iv) choosing of leaders: it provides the electorates opportunity of choosing good leaders for the country
(v) watchdog: political parties that are not in power act as watchdog on the activities of the party in power.
(i)foster friendly relations: nations of the world became friendly through economic, political and socio- cultural interactions.
(ii)lead to world peace: the hostilities in the world are reduced to the bearest minimum through economic, political and social- cultural interactions among the nations of the world.
(iii)lead to equitable re- distribution of natural resources: through economic interactions among the nations of the world, natural resources of the world that are unevenly distributed by the nature are equally re- distributed.
(iv) spread of technical knowledge: through interactions among the nations of the world, the technical knowledge of the so called advanced nations are spread to other less advanced ones
(v) cultural exchanges; social- cultural interactions among the nations of the world lead to exchange of cultural artifacts and cross cultural fertilizations.
(vi) attraction of foreign aids; a lot of foreign aids are attracted to the less developed countries through their interactions among with the more advanced nations.
(i)waste of financial, human and material resources; a lot of money was spent in prosecuting the war, a great number of life were lost and properties unestimated went into the war
(ii) hardship; innocent citizens and many homes were displaced coupled with severe hardship
(iii) dislocation of educational system; a good number of tertiary institutions were either dislocated or destroyed and some others closed down. Academic pursuit was paralysed.
(iv) truncated economic activities; economic activities were truncated, industries were no longer producing because of the war . The economy of the country was at a standstill.
(v) increased crimes rate; there was increased crimes rate in the country as displaced soldiers were not full demobilised
(vi) currency policy; the currency policy of the federal government made some sections of the country poorer.
A political party is defined as an organised group of citizens, who act together as a political unit, having distinctive aims and objectives involving political questions in the states and acting together and seeking to obtain control of government.
(i)Unity: Political parties unite the people on major issues affecting the state.
(ii)Accountability: They enable the government to become accountable to the electorate through constructive criticism of the government in power.
(iii)Provision of organization: They try to provide an organisation for running the government.
(iv)Control of the government: Political parties exist to contest elections and control the government.
(v)Machinery for recruitment: Political parties provide a machinery for recruiting political leaders.
Political socialization can be defined as the process of acquiring political beliefs, values, attitudes as well as citizenship training that develop a citizen political behaviour.
(i)The family The family is the first point of learning for a child and the elementary knowledge of politics.
(ii)The school: Educational institutions provide avenue for informed political talks, discussion and debate which politically socialize the people.
(iii)Peer group: This refers to people of the same sex or age group that influence ones attitude and belief on political matters.
(iv)Mass media: This refers to radio, television, magazine and others.
They helps to politically socialize their audience and read through news column and analyses which they published
(v)Political Parties: Political parties compete for elections by politically organizing for leverage of political power. People of different levels and classes are involved in different types of work of one political party.
Answer Five Questions In All
TWO From Section A and THREE From Section B
2021 NECO Government Theory Answers
Authority can be defined as the legitimate power that a person or a group of persons possess and practice over other people.
1. Traditional Authority:
People adhere to traditional authority because they are invested in the past and feel obligated to perpetuate it.
2. Charismatic Authority:
Followers accept the power of charismatic authority because they are drawn to the leader’s personal qualities.
3. Rational-Legal Authority:
In this type of authority, power is vested in a particular rationale, system, or ideology and not necessarily in the person who implements the specifics of that doctrine.
4. Expert Authority:
Expert authority is just like the name sounds, an expert on a certain subject area. A great example is when people hire “experts” to testify in court on a certain subject, and they can be experts on everything from racial bias to juror personalities.
5. Legal-Governing Authority
This doesn’t necessarily mean you’re a lawyer, although you can be one and have this type of authority. It merely means that you use your official position or status to exert your authority.
NO 3 )
1. lack of ability to sustain sovereign enforcers. This includes stuff like, police, military, judiciary, diplomats, etc. To put it simply, no government can function without them, period.
2. Lack of sufficient military force or diplomatic leverage to enforce government sovereignty.
3. Over-dependence on foreign powers to enforce their sovereignty, or supplies for a major part of its economy or national defense.
4. Uncontrolled corruption, which would cause the government officers to abuse its power to government’s detriment. Notice that this is different from directed/sanctioned bribery, which simply redirects the real power to someone else within the government/nation.
5. Lack of public trust, either due to cultural, economic recession, corruption, poverty, etc, one that lead to majority of citizens to revolt.
6. Invasion and conquest by a foreign nation
1. The colonial governor appoint, promote and discipline or dismiss public servants in the colony.
2. The colonial governor formulate social and economic policies for the colony.
3. The colonial governor presided over the meetings of both the legislative and the executive councils.
4. The colonial governor ensures that he carries out the day-to-day administration of the colony.
5. Another function of the colonial Governor was to accent to legislation by the Legislative Council before it could become effective.
6. Another function of the colonial Governor was to exercise the royal prerogative of mercy.
A political party is an organization or group of people bound together by the same political ideals.
1. They assist the parliament:
Any parliament in any country consists of representatives of the people. The political parties are organized to be the representatives of the people. The electorate chooses the representatives of the parties to be their voice in the parliament.
2. Formation of public policies:
Every party in the world fights for the adoption of its political principles. Therefore, if people choose a party to be represented in the parliament, they also choose the party`s principles to be presented in the country.
3. Education function:
Political parties should educate the people. The citizens must understand ideas of the political party and the government.
4. Stability function:
Political parties unite people in the country. They promote the main principles of patriotism and unity within the country. The political parties unify everyone interests.
5. Recruitment of leaders:
Another great advantage of any political party is the recruitment of leaders. They look for active citizens who are interested in the fate of their country.
1. To promote peace and security worldwide.
2. To draw Nations closer through sports, musicals, etc.
3. Interactions among nations bring about economic advancement especially in the areas of technology.
4. It promotes trade among themselves.
5. To prevent misunderstandings and future conflicts between nations.
6. To create new culture that can lead the world to a more platonic place that all people can live together without much culture differences.
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